Your information to biking on the 2021 Paralympic Video games in Tokyo

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Word: This story first appeared on our sister website, You may learn CyclingTips’ full protection of the Paralympics Video games here

With the Tokyo Olympics now full, it’s time for the world’s finest para athletes to take middle stage. The Tokyo Paralympics started on Tuesday, August 24, and runs by Sunday, September 5.

Right here’s a information to understanding the foundations, classes, and classifications for the para biking occasions.

The classifications

To know the dizzying array of medal occasions on the Paralympics, you first want to know paracycling classifications.

In paracycling, athletes are divided into ‘sport lessons’ in line with the kind and severity of their impairment(s). You may see an in depth breakdown of relevant impairments on page 33 of this UCI document, however in essence, there are eight impairments that make an athlete eligible for paracycling:

  • Impaired muscle energy (e.g. as a result of a spinal wire harm)
  • Impaired passive vary of motion
  • Limb deficiency (e.g. a number of amputations)
  • Leg size distinction
  • Hypertonia: a rise in muscle stress and the diminished skill of a muscle to stretch, brought on by harm to the central nervous system (e.g. by way of cerebral palsy, traumatic mind harm, or a stroke)
  • Ataxia: uncoordinated actions brought on by harm to the central nervous system (e.g. by way of cerebral palsy, traumatic mind harm, or a stroke)
  • Athetosis: continuous gradual involuntary actions (e.g. by way of cerebral palsy, traumatic mind harm, or a stroke)
  • Imaginative and prescient impairment (diminished or no imaginative and prescient)

There are minimal impairment standards that an athlete should attain as a way to be eligible for paracycling classification, and standardized assessments that officers use when classifying riders (see page 34 o the UCI guidelines for more information). Totally different ranges of impairment correspond with completely different lessons, with decrease numbers indicating a higher stage of impairment.

As you’ll see beneath, some lessons race collectively whereas others have their very own medal occasion.

Listed below are the biking lessons you’ll see in motion in Tokyo.

H 1-5

Division H occasions are contested by handcyclists. Picture: Mauro Ujetto/NurPhoto by way of Getty Pictures

Division H occasions are contested by handcyclists. Decrease numbers (e.g. H1 and H2) point out athletes with restrictions to each higher and decrease limbs, whereas increased numbers (e.g. H4 and H5) point out restrictions to their higher limbs solely.

Athletes in lessons H1-4 race on recumbent (i.e. reclined) bikes whereas H5 athletes use bikes that facilitate a kneeling or sitting place.

T 1-2

T-1 and T-2 occasions see paracyclists experience on tricycles. Picture: Brett Keating/Velocity Media/Icon Sportswire by way of Getty Pictures

Division T races are contested by athletes who experience tricycles, as a result of diminished steadiness and/or a extreme restriction that forestalls them from using a bicycle.

The T1 class is for athletes with extra important coordination impairments, whereas T2 athletes have much less important impairments.

C 1-5

Division C athletes experience modified normal bicycles that accommodate their our bodies. Picture: David Fitzgerald/Sportsfile by way of Getty Pictures

Division C athletes experience an ordinary bicycle, typically modified to accommodate their impairment(s). As an illustration, an athlete with an arm impairment may use in another way formed handlebars.

Decrease-numbered lessons (e.g. C1-2) point out a extra extreme limitation in decrease and/or higher limbs.


Division B riders compete on tandem bicycles piloted by a sighted athlete. Picture: Kiyoshi Ota/Getty Pictures

Division B is for vision-impaired athletes who experience a tandem bike piloted by a sighted athlete. Tandem pilots should not be a part of a UCI-registered crew, and should not have been a part of a WorldTeam or ProTeam for the earlier 12 months.

Factored occasions

Factored occasions are those who embody athletes from completely different lessons and the place riders’s occasions are scaled as a way to bear in mind the severity of every competitor’s impairment(s). The aim is to make sure fairness between lessons.

Some athletes could have their outcomes ‘factored’, whereas others is not going to. The gold medal in such occasions is handed to the rider with the quickest time in any case occasions have been factored.

For instance, listed below are the components that apply to Division C highway biking occasions (you could find tables for different divisions in part 16.1.005 of the UCI’s Paracycling laws).

Within the ladies’s C 1-2-3 time trial in Tokyo, for instance, C3 ladies will get no matter time they experience towards the clock. C2 ladies might be given a time that’s 96.15 p.c of their ending time, and for C1 ladies that proportion is 92.45 p.c. The rider with the bottom time in any case these calculations will win gold.

One quirk of this technique is {that a} rider can break a world file for his or her particular class, however not win the occasion. Word that whereas a while trials are factored occasions, the equal highway races usually are not.

A desk displaying the UCI’s desk for factoring occasions.

Street races and time trials

Andrea Eskau of Germany competes within the Ladies’s Time Trial H4-5 through the Rio 2016 Paralympic Video games, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 14 September 2016. Picture: Jens Buettner/dpa | utilization worldwide (Picture by Jens Büttner/image alliance by way of Getty Pictures)

Right here’s the total schedule of road cycling medal events at the Tokyo Paralympics.

Street races: 

And beneath is a breakdown of all of the highway races by class.

Males Ladies Blended
H 1-2 highway race

H 3 highway race

H4 highway race

C 1-2-3 highway race

C 4-5 highway race

B highway race

T 1-2 highway race

H 1-2-3-4 highway race

H5 highway race

C 1-2-3- highway race

C 4-5 highway race

B highway race

T 1-2 highway race

H 1-5 crew relay


All highway races (besides the blended crew relay) will happen on the identical 13.2km circuit that begins and finishes on the Fuji Worldwide Speedway. It’s a lumpy circuit, outlined by a 3.5km climb to the end line.

The variety of laps will differ between lessons. All highway races might be held between Wednesday, September 1 and Friday, September 3.

Time trials

Rio , Brazil – 14 September 2016; Colin Lynch of Eire in motion through the Males’s Time Trial C2 on the Pontal Biking Street through the Rio 2016 Paralympic Video games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. (Picture By Diarmuid Greene/Sportsfile by way of Getty Pictures)

All lessons will race on an undulating 8km time trial course throughout the Fuji Worldwide Speedway complicated. As with the highway races, the variety of laps will rely on the category. All time trials might be held on Tuesday, August 31.

Males Ladies










T 1-2 ITT (Factored)

H 1-2-3 ITT (Factored)

H 4-5 ITT (Factored)

C 1-2-3 ITT (Factored)




T 1-2 ITT (Factored)


Group relay

Italy received the boys’s Group Relay in 2016. Picture: Mauro Ujetto/NurPhoto by way of Getty Pictures

The blended crew relay might be contested by groups of three handcyclists. Every rider will full three laps of a flattish 2.8 km Fuji Speedway course, for a complete of 9 laps per crew. Riders two and three could begin their laps when the earlier rider crosses the end line.

Group composition is ruled by a factors system, with athletes allotted factors primarily based on their gender and impairment(s). Every crew of three should solely have a most of 9 factors, and should embody an athlete with a most rating of two factors. Right here’s the course and profile for the blended relay. The blended crew relay might be held on Thursday, September 2.

This desk reveals the factors system for the crew relay.

Monitor biking

Bicycle owner Erich Winkler of Germany competes within the Biking Monitor – Males’s C1 3000M Particular person Pursuit Qualification of the Rio 2016 Paralympic Video games, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 09 September 2016. Winkler’s prothesis departed from the pedal. He was allowed by the jury to repeat his warmth and certified for the bronze medal race. Picture: Kay Nietfeld/dpa | utilization worldwide (Picture by Kay Nietfeld/image alliance by way of Getty Pictures)

Listed below are all the observe biking medal occasions that’ll be occurring on the 250-meter Izu Velodrome.

Males Ladies Blended
C 1-2-3 Kilo (Factored)

C 4-5 Kilo (Factored)

C 1 Pursuit

C 2 Pursuit

C 3 Pursuit

C 4 Pursuit

C 5 Pursuit

B Kilo

B Pursuit


C 1-2-3 500m (Factored)

C 4-5 500m (Factored)

C 1-2-3 Pursuit

C 4 Pursuit

C 5 Pursuit

B Kilo

B Pursuit

C 1-5 Group Dash

Right here’s a breakdown of the assorted disciplines and what they entail:

The ‘Kilo’

A 1km (four-lap) time trial contested by Division B (vision-impaired) women and men, and Division C (normal bicycle) males. Division C ladies contest this self-discipline over 500 meters (two laps).


A person pursuit, with two riders beginning on opposites sides of the observe. First throughout the end line wins. Division B males and C4-5 women and men race over 4,000 meters. C1-3 women and men, plus Division B ladies all race over 3,000m.

Group dash

Raced by mixed-gender groups of three Division C riders over three laps. After every lap, the lead rider peels off, permitting the remaining rider(s) to proceed on to the road.

A crew is allowed a most of 10 factors when choosing its line-up, with riders allotted factors in line with their gender and impairment(s).

All observe biking occasions might be held from Wednesday, August 25 to Saturday, August 28. Observe the hyperlink for a full schedule of track cycling events at the Tokyo Paralympics for extra data.